Table of content
Dariusz Tłoczyński –Transport demands and means of satisfying them on the regional air transport market in Poland
Juliusz Engelhardt – The Fourth Railway Package – passenger transport
Wiesław Starowicz, Katarzyna Nosal –Mobility plans for workplaces as a tool for mobility management in cities
Józef Suda – Operative urban transport management on the example of the Warsaw Municipal Bus Company
Olgierd Wyszomirski – Sustainable Development of Transport in Cities and Quality of Life
Transport demands and means of satisfying them on the regional air transport market in Poland
Abstract: Changing the conditions for the functioning and development of air transport requires constant monitoring of passenger needs and their transport requirements in relation to air services. This is particularly important for competitive processes in the inter- and intra-industry market. The analysis of the transport postulates forces the adjustment of the offer addressed to travelers. These expectations may be different for selected travel segments. The main aim of the article is to analyze transport requirements and to present means of satisfying them in the regional air transport market in Poland. This market has been analyzed due to the large share of regional transport in the overall structure of air transport. The analysis of transport postulates was conducted for all regional connections and for travel with traditional and low cost carriers, as well as in the business travel and tourism segment and for direct and indirect connections.
Key words: air transport, regional air transport, transport demands
The Fourth Railway Package – passenger transport
Abstract: This article is dedicated to the amendments adopted in December 2016 of the European Union legislation relating to the functioning of the rail passenger transport market. These new regulations are contractually defined as the fourth railway package. In the article, the introductory part is covered by the initial assumptions adopted by the European Commission by creating the draft regulations included in the fourth railway package. The main amendments to Directive 2012/34 adopted by the European Parliament in December 2016 on the full liberalization of passenger rail transport in the European Union and the creation of country-specific passenger information systems are being discussed to common ticket. The next part of the article discusses the provisions which thoroughly amend the Regulation 1370/2007 concerning public services in the field of rail and road passenger transport. These regulations are important for the organization of regional rail transport.
Key words: passenger transport, railway transport, fourth railway package
Wiesław Starowicz, Katarzyna Nosal
Mobility plans for workplaces as a tool for mobility management in cities
Abstract: Mobility management aims to change preferences related to the way people travel. Many European documents point this direction to congested cities and solving the problem of transport congestion is considered as a challenge. In order to be effective in this area, it is essential to change the approach to sustainable development in cities. One of the tools to change this approach is to develop mobility plans for workplaces. They are attractive since are relatively inexpensive and can contribute significantly to dealing with the problem of traffic congestion and air pollution. The article presents the different components of the mobility plan (analytical, design, binding, evaluative) and examples of activities planned for workplaces. Also examples of indicators for monitoring the level of implementation of planned measures (product indicators) and the basics set of the mobility plan assessment indicators are presented.
Key words: urban transport, mobility management, mobility plans
Operative urban transport management on the example of the Warsaw Municipal Bus Company
Abstract: The article presents experiences in the designing, implementation and operation of an operative management system for public urban transport which covers approximately 1500 vehicles (buses, coaches and technical vehicles) of the Warsaw Municipal Bus Company (MZA Warszawa). In the article classifications of public transport management systems as well as over 30 years of the history and experience in their construction in Warsaw was presented. Currently its third generation is been operating. The system includes number of functional applications performed by various engineering and IT companies according to the requirements and projects formulated by the Municipal Bus Company and Warsaw University of Technology.
Key words: collective transport, public transport, operative management
Sustainable Development of Transport in Cities and Quality of Life
Abstract: Transportation in cities is determined by transport policy implemented in cities. This article is based on the thesis that sustainable transport policy is able to raise objectively and subjectively considered life quality . The article discusses the quality of life as a city resource. Subsequently, the quality of life in urban areas under conditions of domination of passenger cars in urban journeys was analyzed. Next the directions for the development of urban transport systems consistent with the idea of sustainable development were presented, focusing on the future of electric buses, electric cars and autonomous vehicles, joint use of passenger cars in the light of the sharing economy and cycling as a means of urban transport. The study is summarized with the conclusions.
Key words: urban transport, sustainable development, transport policy, quality of life