Abstract 7/2019

Table of content

Michał Małysz – The role of morning rail connections in shaping of spatial accessibility of regions

Ewelina Kołkowska – Functioning of bike sharing system in Katowice

Krystian Banet – Bicycle traffic as an element of sustainable mobility

Tomasz Magiera – Comparative analysis of urban cableways with means of public transport



Michał Małysz

The role of morning rail connections in shaping of spatial accessibility of regions

Abstract: This article refers to the issue of effectiveness of rail connections between two distant regions. In this case the accessibility of different Polish regions from Wrocław is being analyzed. Over the last five years, the overall capabilities of passenger trains in the field of long-range travel have increased in ever-shorter time. However, morning connections that reach the target regions in the afternoon hours are crucial since they allow to use goods and services on the spot already on the day of the travel.   In the last years  a significant development of morning connections have been observed which resulted with the connecting the western and the eastern part of Poland in just few hours. From the economic point of view, it is particularly important to be able to get to the destination early in the case of a tourist trip with accommodation based on the rules of an overnight stay. The article presents the author’s indicator of railway availability efficiency, which allows to create a ranking of connections due to the distance traveled, driving time and the time of departure and arrival to the destination. The indicator  takes into account the most favorable conditions regarding travel time, thanks to which it is possible to determine connections that provide the most favorable access to the most distant regions.  The value depends on those factors and it is higher when the conditions of the journey are more economically advantageous. In the future the indicator can be used as a reference in creating new timetables including also new morning connections.

Key words: accessibility, rail transport, region, timetable


Ewelina Kołkowska 

Functioning of bike sharing system in Katowice

Abstract: The concept of city bikes sharing has been around the world since 1965 and has been changing over the years. Currently, city bike systems are gaining more and more popularity. The possibilities they offer allow to use the bike not only for recreational, but also enable to get to work through the extensive network of stations and low costs of use. More and more city residents see many advantages of using this type of transport and decide to change their communication behavior. The aim of the article is to inform about operation of the City by Bike in Katowice, which was launched in 2015. First part of the article presents the general characteristics of the bike sharing system and detailed principles of operation of city bikes in Katowice and the areas where city bike stations are located. Next part of the article focuses on changes to be introduced in 2019 and future development plans.  Connections between the city bike system in Katowice and systems in the neighbouring cities – allowing to increase an interest in this type of communication – have been also presented in the article.The literature review and data analysis have resulted with the possibility to evaluate the existing system, as well as to present development opportunities in Katowice and the GZM Metropolis. The growing interest in this type of system indicates the necessity of its constant development and improvement.

Key words: transport, public bikes, bikes sharing, City by Bike


Krystian Banet

Bicycle traffic as an element of sustainable mobility

Abstract:  In times of increasing automotive congestion, which leads to social conflicts, negative impact on the environment and also results with  most communication problems, it is important to adopt a transport development model enabling to provide mobility that meets social needs at the lowest possible environmental burden. The solution is to implement the idea of ​​sustainable development in the field of mobility. Its reflection is the development and promotion of bicycle traffic. The article presents the idea of ​​sustainable mobility and the role of cycling in the implementation of this idea. It also presents the selection of projects designed to promote cycling.

Key words: sustainable development, sustainable mobility, bicycle traffic


Tomasz Magiera

Comparative analysis of urban cableways and public transport means

Abstract: Aerial cableways are being considered as an alternative or complement to existing transport systems in the city. The Metropolitan of Medellin in Colombia and La Paz in Bolivia have been using aerial cableways for more than ten years, and nowadays discussions are ongoing in many European cities regarding the implementation of these systems in public transport. The article presents results of a comparative analysis of aerial cableways and widely used means of public transport. The analysis was made based on quantitative and qualitative parameters. The result of the study is the conclusion that cable cars should be taken into account in the processes of creating or improving public transport systems. 

Key words: urban cableways, public transport, gondola lift