Table of content
Kamila Hanasiuk, Marek Motylewicz – Study on vehicle traffic and drivers’ behaviors on turbo-roundabouts without elevated traffic lane separators
Jacek Krawczyk – Concept for the expansion of urban tramway transport in Częstochowa
Adrian Baran, Zofia Bryniarska – Indicator evaluation of interchange nodes using the AMPTI methodology on the example of Rondo Grunwaldzkie and Podgórze SKA interchanges in Kraków – Parth I
Karol Gocyła – Integration of public transport organisers in the Metropolitan Transport Authority of the Upper-Silesian and Zagłębie Metropolis
Kamila Hanasiuk, Marek Motylewicz
Study on vehicle traffic and drivers’ behaviors on turbo-roundabouts without elevated traffic lane separators
Abstract: Currently, there are two groups of turbo-roundabouts on Polish roads: with and without elevated lane separators. The second of the above-mentioned solutions is more often used due to the fear of problems with winter maintenance and the passage of larger vehicles. However, the lack of separators causes the appearance of incorrect manoeuvres, such as changing lanes on the circular carriageway or “crossing the roundabout straight ahead”. The aim of the article is to present the results of own research on vehicle traffic and drivers’ behaviours when driving through two turbo-roundabouts without elevated lane separators, located on the border of the city of Białystok. The analyses were based on video recordings of vehicle traffic carried out in the period of October-November 2020. On their basis, it was found that the lack of physical lane separators on the roadways of both roundabouts resulted in the appearance of many incorrect and illegal manoeuvres, which at times accounted for as much as 46% of traffic at the entries. The analyses distinguished 14 types of incorrect manoeuvres, indicating their number and frequency depending on the analysed roundabout, the type of entry (major or minor) and the day of the week.
Key words: turbo-roundabouts, traffic lane separators, traffic studies, drivers’ behaviours.
Concept for the expansion of urban tramway transport in Częstochowa
Abstract: The article presents a proposal for the development of urban rail transport in relation to the state of affairs at present in Częstochowa. Not only the state of the used infrastructure was evaluated with respect to the municipal public transport operator, but above all the development concepts in the formula “1+ 2+ 3+” in relation to specific tram lines. Due to the most advanced preparations for the construction of a new tram line to the Parkitka district (3+), the validity of the currently implemented bus transport service in the district was analysed. An assessment of the replacement of bus transport by rail transport was also presented with a simulation of the timetable of potential new lines on the section from the Tysiąclecie district to the Regional Specialist Hospital in the Parkitka district. In addition, the need for rolling stock to serve the new layout of tram line no. 3 and to serve the new North-Parkitka line no. 4 was assessed.
Key words: urban transport, collective transport, rail transport, tram transport.
Adrian Baran, Zofia Bryniarska
Indicator evaluation of interchange nodes using the AMPTI methodology on the example of Rondo Grunwaldzkie and Podgórze SKA interchanges in Kraków – Parth I
Abstract: Interchange node is a place equipped with appropriate infrastructure enabling a change of means of transport. In a large city such as Kraków, it is practically impossible to travel by public transport without interchanges. Therefore, they are very important places due to the operating in the entire transport system. Part I presents the methodology of the AMPTI multi-faceted indicator assessment. The AMPTI index assessment methodology was developed for the purpose of multi-faceted assessment of interchange nodes. The current version includes 10 quantitative indicators that allow for an extensive analysis of nodes. This methodology was used to evaluate two interchange nodes operating in Kraków, ie Rondo Grunwaldzkie and Podgórze SKA. The first integrates bus and tram transport, and the second integrates bus, tram and rail transport. Part I describes also detailed characteristics of both nodes. In addition to carrying out an audit of the interchanges (necessary for the indicator assessment), the results of measuring the number of passengers getting on and off at the interchanges are also presented. Part II (TMiR No. 4/2022) presents the results of a survey of passengers using the interchange to assess the convenience of the transition between the various stops at the interchange and the level of passenger information available and transfers connections that are made. The results of the AMPTI evaluation of both nodes are also reported. The results were collated to see how a junction equipped with bus, tram and rail transport functions compared to a node that only integrates bus and tram transport.
Key words: interchanges nodes, AMPTI indicator evaluation, public transport.
Integration of public transport organisers in the Metropolitan Transport Authority of the Upper-Silesian and Zagłębie Metropolis
Abstract: The aim of this article is to present the integration process of public transport organisers on the example of the Metropolitan Transport Authority (ZTM) in Katowice in both theoretical and practical terms. In terms of theory, the definition of integration and the nature of its processes are presented. In addition, a catalogue of integration tools is provided, including the legal framework, financing methods, organisational possibilities, alliances or appropriate tariff provisions. Next, three organisers of public transport in the central part of the Silesian Voivodeship, i.e. KZK GOP, MZK Tychy and MZKP Tarnowskie Góry, operating before ZTM, were characterised. The last, practical part of the article describes the processes of integrating the public transport organisers within ZTM in the organisational and administrative aspect, i.e. integration in the financial and accounting spheres, integration of databases or methodology of calculating contributions of municipalities for transport services. In addition, logistical and operational problems related to the integration, such as personnel policy or those related to internal entities, are indicated.
Key words: public transport, metropolitan transport, public transport integration.