Table of content
Kazimierz Jamroz, Joanna Żukowska – Road safety problems and challenges in the New Decade
Kazimierz Jamroz – Challenges and opportunities for pedestrian protection on roads and streets in Poland
Jamroz Kazimierz, Okraszewska Romanika, Michalski Lech, Gumińska Lucyna, Mackun Tomasz – Draft guidelines for planning pedestrian routes
Kazimierz Jamroz, Joanna Żukowska
Road safety problems and challenges in the New Decade
Abstract: After many years of systematic decrease in the number of road fatalities and injuries, this favourable trend has stagnated or even reversed over the past few years. The COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in a decrease in the mobility of inhabitants, contributed to a return to the downward trend in the number of deaths and seriously injured. The article presents the forecast of the number of fatalities and seriously injured at the end of 2020, which is the last year of implementation of the 4th National Road Safety Program. The assumptions and requirements of the United Nations and the European Commission addressed to the member states on the reduction of fatalities and serious injuries in road accidents in the New Decade (in the years 2021-2030) have been presented. The problems and possibilities of implementing these requirements in Poland have also been discussed.
Key words: road accidents, fatalities, road safety programs, trend forecasts
Challenges and opportunities for pedestrian protection on roads and streets in Poland
Abstract: Every year 800 pedestrians are killed on Polish roads (almost 29% of all road deaths). For this reason Poland is a country with the highest risk of fatal accidents among pedestrians in the European Union. The article presents the state of pedestrian traffic safety in Poland compared to other European countries. The characteristics of areas and circumstances of accidents with pedestrians as well as proposals of actions necessary to improve pedestrian safety are presented in the article.
Key words: pedestrians, traffic safety, accidents, places and circumstances of road accidents
Jamroz Kazimierz, Okraszewska Romanika, Michalski Lech, Gumińska Lucyna, Mackun Tomasz
Draft guidelines for planning pedestrian routes
Abstract: As part of the legislative work carried out by the Ministry of Infrastructure, aimed at changing the technical conditions to be met by roads and their design standards, a set of guidelines for pedestrian infrastructure design has been created. The article presents the goals, assumptions and the most important elements of the “Guidelines for planning pedestrian routes” which constitute the first part of the collection. The presented guidelines are a response to the changes taking place in global trends in planning and designing pedestrian infrastructure, examples of foreign good practices and the lack of comprehensive national solutions. The article presents an overview of the experiences of selected countries regarding the planning of pedestrian routes, the characteristics of users and devices for pedestrians. The pedestrian route planning procedure is described in detail, including: analysis and assessment of the existing and planned condition, determination of pedestrian demand, development of a pedestrian route plan. New elements introduced by the presented guidelines into Polish planning and design practice include: sorting out the definition, proposing the scope of necessary data and rules for identifying problems and barriers for pedestrians, rules for establishing a comprehensive network of pedestrian routes, application of functional and technical classification of pedestrian routes, determination of the scope of requirements design for key pedestrian routes.
Key words: pedestrians, pedestrian routes, planning of pedestrian routes, pedestrian infrastructure